2010 – mock exam – sciences et techniques + correction
Sciences et techniques
Agadir – 2010
Meriem Chadid, born in Casablanca, Morocco, on October 11, 1969, has had a fascination for astronomy since she was a child. Early on, her interest was piqued when her brother gave her a book on Johannes Kepler, the German mathematician and astronomer.
Meriem earned an MA in physics from the University of Casablanca and then moved to France to study imaging science in Nice. She spent three years in the southeast of France at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence, where she obtained a PhD on her study, « Stellar Pulsation and Evolution, » exploring a mysterious class of pulsating stars.
She obtained a post as an engineer astrophysicist at the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) in Montpellier, France. While there, she was selected by the European Southern Observatory as one the first working astronomers to install and run the Very Large Telescope (VLT) on Paranal Mountain in the Atacama Desert in Chile.
One of her proudest achievements has been her successful installation of astronomical experiments at Dome C in the South Pole which is, as she says, « right in the heart of the Antarctic continent, in one of the coldest, most deserted and inaccessible places in the world. »
As Meriem explains, « This is a unique place where prevailing conditions are of extreme cold, isolation, and where it is night several months of the year. It then becomes possible to observe the stars on a continuous basis. There is no soul that lives less than 1,000 miles away. The place is located at 3200 meters, but the weather is as if we were at 4000 meters. Installing an observatory in such an environment resembles a space mission in that we must check all the atmospheric parameters (turbulence, transparency, scintillation (twinkling), aurora, etc.). »
In 2001, she had joined the Civil Service in France and is currently stationed at the Observatoire de la Cote d’Azur and the University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis.
Meriem Chadid is married to Jean Vernin -the astrophysist who is behind the project at Dome C- and has two children, Tycho and Leyla.
Adapted from : http://www.myhero.com/go/hero.asp?hero=Meryem_Chadid_09
I – COMPREHENSION :
A – Choose the best title for this text:(1pts)
a – Meriem chadid’s career
b – Meriem chadid’s life
c – Meriem chadid’s studies
B – Are these sentences true of false? Justify:(3pts)
1 – Meriem was graduated in astronomy before going to France.
2 – In the south pole, the night lasts for many months.
3 – Meriem doesn’ work at a university.
C – Complete the chart with the correct information from the text: (4pts)
|a – University of Casablanca|
|b – The Observatoire de Haute-Provence|
|c – Montpellier, France|
|d – South Pole|
D – Answer these questions: (3pts)
1 – How did Meriem start being interested in astronomy?
2 – What was Meriem’s first job?
3 – What is her most important acomplishment?
E – Find in the text words which mean the same as:(2pts)
1 – the science which studies the planets, the stars and all the universe
2 – Doctor of Philosophy
F – What do the underlined words in the text refer to? (2pts)
1 – there (paragraph 3)
2 – This (paragraph 5)
II – LANGUAGE :
A – Match these exchanges with the appropriate functions: (3pts)
|1 – “I’m sorry to say this, but our friend’s grandfather is dead.”||a -lack of understanding|
|2 – “I didn’t get what you said, could you repeat, please?”||b – responding to apology|
|3 – “Never mind”||c -expressing bad news|
B – Rewrite these sentences beginning with the words given: (3pts)
1 – The man was sick. He didn’t go to work.
→ If ………………………………………..
2 – “I was revising my lessons” Amal told me.
3 – The student finished the exercise.
→ The exercise …………………………..
C – Put the verbs between brackets in their correct tense: (3pts)
1 – As soon as I (arrive) ………….. home, I slept.
2 – By this time next year, I (start) ………….. my studies at the university.
3 – (play) ………….. football is my hobby.
D – Give the correct form of the words between brackets: (2pts)
Women in Morocco ought to be (finance) …………………. independent. Also, they shouldn’t be (literacy) …………………. because without education, they will not be able make their lives better.
E – Match the words that go together to make collocations: (2pts)
|1 – sewing||a – machine|
|2 – web||b – technology|
|3 – hair||c – site|
|4 – information||d – drier|
F – Fill in the blank with the appropriate phrasal verb: (2pts)
put down – take off – let out – lock in – cool down – stay out
1 – Don’t be angry; …………….. and …………….. your pen.
2 – ……..that dog …….. and don’t ………it ……… .
III – WRITING (10pts)
A lot of women in Morocco suffer from illiteracy, especially in rural areas.
Write an article about the results and solutions of women’s illiteracy in Morocco.
These ideas may help you:
|* can’t educate her children properly||* her family’s help|
|* can’t improve her family’s life||* job training|
|* can’t get a good job||* illeteracy classes|
(about 150 words)
A- a – Meriem Chadid’s career
1 – False: “Meriem earned an MA in physics from the University of Casablanca and then moved to France” (paragraph 2)
2 – True: “and where it is night several months” (paragraph 5)
3 – False: “and is currently stationed at the Observatoire de la Cote d’Azur and the University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis.” (paragraph 6)
a – MA in physics.
b – obtained a PhD.
c – obtained a post as an engineer astrophysicist.
d – installation of astronomical experiments.
1 – her interest was piqued when her brother gave her a book on Johannes Kepler, the German mathematician and astronomer.
2 – engineer astrophysicist at the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) in Montpellier, France.
3 – her successful installation of astronomical experiments at Dome C in the South Pole.
1 – astrophysics.
2 – PhD.
1 – in Montpellier, France.
2 – The South Pole.
1 – c 2 – a 3 – b
1 – If the man hadn’t been sick, he would have gone to work.
2 – Amal told me that she had been revising her lessons.
3 – The exercise was finished.
1 – had arrived 2 – will have started my studies 3 – playing
financially – illiterate
1a – 2c – 3d – 4b
1 – cool down – put down
2 – lock .. in – let .. out
III – WRITING